Manufacturing Process

First Industrial Revolution (1760-1866)

The Industrial Revolution is a major break. In less than a century, there has been a radical transformation of the economic and social landscape.

It took place in England , not Great Britain or United Kingdom . England then had 6 million inhabitants (in 1700) out of a total of 9 million in the UK. The Industrial Revolution was confined to England for half a century, and it was not until the changes that occurred in England were transfer elsewhere. This transfer process is different in different countries.


Second Industrial Revolution (1866-1969)


The Second Industrial Revolution is a historical period between the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century (1870-1945) where Europe , United States and Japan experienced an important development of the car and the b> chemistry through the use of petroleum and electricity . The Second Industrial Revolution is characterized by the booming electricity , petroleum , mechanics and of chemistry .

The Second Industrial Revolution led to great technical progress, the birth of big business in the United States , the beginning of globalization , and a development commercial (mainly international), financial and human (human migration).

Third Industrial Revolution (1969-2011)

The Third Industrial Revolution (TRI), is a concept popularized by Jeremy Rifkin , an American economist and futurologist. The Third Industrial Revolution designates a new industrial and economic revolution which would be distinguished from the traditional sectors of production and would have started in the middle of the twentieth century with the development of New Information Technologies and Communication . According to the economist, the Industrial Revolutions are the result of the meeting of a source of energy and a means of transport or communication. Today, faced with the ecological emergency, we must change our model. Fossil energies are becoming scarce.


Fourth Industrial Revolution (2011- )


The concept expresses the idea that the world is at the beginning of a fourth industrial revolution. After the development of the steam engine and mechanization from the eighteenth century, then electricity at the end of the nineteenth century and automation in the twentieth century, the new revolution would be based on the intelligent factory, characterized by an interconnection of machines and systems within the production sites but also between them and outside (customers, partners, other production sites).

The concept was highlighted for the first time at the 2011 Hannover Fair (Industrial Technology Fair).

Health & Safety


Act of Manufactures

It is presented to the Legislative Assembly by the Attorney General of the Province of Quebec, Louis-Olivier Taillon and sanctioned by the Government of Quebec on May 9, 1885.


New law on the concept of occupational risk

The worker is entitled to compensation without having to prove the fault of the employer. Occupational diseases are not covered by this law.


Work Accidents Act passed

It applies to provincial government and municipal enterprises, and awards compensation equal to two-thirds of the daily wage.


The Occupational Health and Safety Act, LSST, is adopted

Adopted in 1979, this law deals primarily with the prevention of accidents at work and occupational diseases.


The CSST, joint body is born

Its primary mandate was the application of the Occupational Health and Safety Act, but it was also responsible for compensation for victims of crime (VCI) or good citizenship.





Socrates' report to the school is very scattered, and not academic, since his teachings were transmitted through great discussions.

Socrates thought that every person has full knowledge of the ultimate truth contained in the soul and only needs to be stimulated by conscious reflexes to realize it.


Low Middle Ages

In the 12th century there was another upheaval in education: the emergence of universities in Europe, then the introduction into these universities of the knowledge of the Arab-Muslim civilization, which carried the Greek sciences (Thales, Euclid, Archimedes , Aristotle ...), Persian and Oriental. The universities were structured in colleges (etymologically read together).


Before the quiet revolution

At the turn of the twentieth century, the Church's hold on the school system is supreme. Catholic and Protestant committees have exclusive authority over public school curricula and teaching staff.

Traditional School


this reform aimed to secularize the Quebec school system, founded since the Canadian confederation on acquired rights, including those relating to religion. The Catholic and Protestant school boards were abolished and replaced by French and English school boards. For example, the largest school board in the province, in the heart of Montreal, is no longer the Commission des écoles catholiques de Montréal (CECM) but the Commission scolaire de Montréal (CSDM).


The future of education

Online training, a term recommended in France by DGLFLF1, or e-learning (in Canada), e-learning or e-learning, refers to all the solutions and means for learning through electronic means. Online training includes educational websites such as teletraining, telematic education and e-training.